Jan 24, 2018
Turkey's Erdogan vows to expand operation against Syrian Kurdish forces beyond border enclave
ANKARA, Turkey — Turkey's president on Wednesday vowed to expand Ankara's operation against Kurdish forces in northern Syria beyond the enclave of Afrin and toward the town of Manbij, which would bring Turkish troops and their Syrian allies closer to U.S. forces supporting the Kurds against the Islamic State group.
President Donald Trump, in a phone call with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, warned Turkey against taking steps that could risk military conflict between U.S. and Turkish forces in Syria and urged the Turkish leader to limit the operation and civilian casualties.
The White House said Trump expressed concerns about the growing violence and told Erdogan it jeopardizes shared U.S.-Turkish goals in Syria and expressed concern about "destructive and false rhetoric coming from Turkey." It did not elaborate on that rhetoric.
Erdogan's office said the Turkish leader urged Trump in the phone call to halt the U.S. supply of weapons to the Syrian Kurdish militia. He also told Trump that Turkey's offensive seeks to rid Afrin of "terrorist elements" and protect Turkey's national security.
A senior U.S. official, speaking earlier, said Washington is concerned that Turkey's military offensive against Afrin could distract from the fight against IS and be exploited by extremists to re-supply or create safe havens.
The official told reporters in Ankara on Wednesday that the Syrian Kurdish fighters in Afrin are not part of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces, which drove IS from much of northeastern Syria with the help of the U.S.-led coalition.
Regarding threats to expand the offensive to Manbij, the official said Washington's "number one concern is the safety and security of troops in the vicinity." U.S. forces are based in Kurdish-held parts of northeastern Syria, including near Manbij, but not in or near Afrin.
Turkey launched an incursion Saturday into Afrin, which is controlled by a Kurdish militia known as the People's Defense Units, or YPG. Ankara views the YPG as an extension of the Kurdish insurgency in Turkey. The YPG forms the backbone of the Syrian Democratic Forces.
Any move toward Manbij would bring NATO member Turkey and its Syrian allies closer to U.S. forces, threatening friction. The U.S. has urged Turkey to exercise restraint. Erdogan, in turn, vowed to "foil games along our borders, starting from Manbij."
"We will clean our region from this trouble completely," he told officials at a meeting in Ankara. "This operation will continue until the last member of the terror organization is neutralized."
Syrian Kurdish forces captured Manbij, which is west of the Euphrates River, from IS in 2016 with the help of the U.S.-led coalition. Turkey has long demanded that the Kurdish fighters withdraw to the eastern bank of the river, and U.S. forces have patrolled the area to reduce tensions.
The head of the Kurdish-controlled Manbij military council, Shervan Darwish, said his forces are prepared for a potential Turkish advance. He said the United States helped Kurdish fighters to liberate Manbij and has promised to keep defending it.
"Their presence has been to ensure the stability in Manbij," he said of U.S. troops. "Their patrols are continuing and also air patrols. They are present with us on the front lines."
The advancing Turkish troops are facing stiff resistance in Afrin. Activists and Kurdish officials say airstrikes are still raining down on several parts of the district, which borders Turkey. On Wednesday, Kurdish officials said airstrikes hit in the vicinity of the Nissan 17 Dam, which provides power and water to the area, without damaging it.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based group that monitors the civil war, reported airstrikes in nearly 20 villages. The YPG said it infiltrated behind Turkish lines east of Afrin and targeted their bases.
The United Nations says an estimated 5,000 people have been displaced inside the encircled enclave, and that Kurdish forces are not allowing civilians to leave.
Erdogan said Turkish troops and allied fighters have killed at least 268 Syrian Kurdish fighters since the operation began, a number disputed by Kurdish officials and a war monitoring group. He said Turkish troops have suffered seven or eight losses.
At least 42 Kurdish fighters have been killed, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Another 48 Syrian fighters fighting alongside the Turkish military against the YPG were also killed, said the Observatory.
At least 27 civilians have been killed in the fighting in Afrin, mainly in Turkish airstrikes, according to the Observatory.
In Turkey, two people were killed and 11 were hurt on Wednesday evening after two rockets fired from inside Syria hit a mosque and a home in the border town of Kilis, said local governor Mehmet Tekinarslan.
Turkish TV images showed the rocket that struck the mosque had pierced through its dome. The private NTV station showed people inside the mosque frantically trying to clear the rubble.
Turkey says it wants to create a 30 kilometer (20-mile) deep "secure zone" in Afrin. Erdogan said the operation would allow Syrian refugees to return home. Turkey is home to more than 3.4 million Syrian refugees.
U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said Tuesday that the fighting "disrupts what was a relatively stable area of Syria" and "distracts from the international efforts to ensure the defeat of ISIS," using another acronym for the extremist group.
Addressing Turkish complaints that the United States has not kept to its promises to take back weapons supplied to the Syrian Kurdish fighters, the U.S. official in Ankara said Washington intended to "fulfil the commitment," without providing a time frame.
A second U.S. official denied Turkish government claims the U.S. had delivered thousands of trucks of weapons to the Syrian Kurdish forces, saying the bulk of the supplies went to U.S. forces and also included ammunition, food and humanitarian supplies.
Both officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk to the media.
IS has been driven from nearly all the territory it once controlled in Syria, including its de facto capital of Raqqa in northern Syria, but the extremist group has proven resilient after past defeats, and is still launching insurgent-style attacks.
Gen. Joseph Votel, the head of the U.S. Central Command, and Brett McGurk, the White House envoy for the war against IS, have both visited eastern Syria separately in the past week, meeting with Kurdish officials to consult and assess stabilization efforts in the region.
Russia, meanwhile, accused the United States of promoting unverified reports about chemical weapons attacks in Syria in order to cloud Moscow's latest peace initiative, while the Syrian government dismissed the reports as "lies."
The United States and 28 other countries are launching a new plan to better identify and punish anyone who uses chemical weapons, amid reports of a suspected gas attack in rebel-held suburbs of Damascus earlier this week.
In an interview with the Interfax news agency, Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov accused the U.S. of promoting "rigged, unverified reports" to hamper Russian peace efforts.
Russia is hosting peace talks in the Black Sea resort of Sochi next week that some Syrian opposition figures said will run counter to U.N. peace initiatives.
The U.S. and Russia reached an agreement in 2013 to remove all chemical weapons from Syria, but there have been several reported chemical attacks since then, including one last year that led President Donald Trump to order a retaliatory missile attack on a Syrian air base.
Vasilyeva reported from Moscow. Associated Press writer Sarah El Deeb in Beirut contributed to this report.